"Sivasagar" -Earlier known as "Rangpur", the historical city of Assam is situated 363 K.M. east of Guwahati (The capital of Assam). Earlier Sivasagar was the capital of the mighty Ahoms, who ruled Assam for more than six hundred years before the advent of the British. The most remarkable landscape of the town is the 200 year old Sibsagar tank.
On its banks are three temples-- the Shivadol, the Vishnudol and the Devidol-- all three built by Queen Madambika, wife of Siva Singha, in the year 1734. The Shivadol is believed to be the highest Siva Temple in India, having a height of 104 feet and the perimeter 195 feet. he tank is situated in the heart of the town but the water level is above the level of the town.
Joysagar, 5Kms off the Sivasagar town, said to be biggest man made tank in the country, in an area over 318-acres.Sivasagar is also famous for 'Talatal Ghar', and 'Rang Ghar'. Rang Ghar amphitheatre was built by King Pramatta Singha. This two Storied oval shaped pavilion is one of the largest of its kind in Asia.
Modern Sibsagar is a fast developing urban settlement. It is the headquarters of the district Sibsagar, a leading tea and oil producing centre.
Hills :- There are no hill area in the district . The Southern part extends up to the foot hills of Nagaland and it is well drained and high land and suitable for Tea plantation .
Plains :- Sivasagar district can be divided into two broad division . The low lying areas are characterised by marchy places " Char" and "Beel" area which are generally flooded every year . No. major crops are grown over here , and are full of reeds and other grassess. The " Char" areas are cultivated during the "Rabi " season . Other parts of District consists of plain areas .
Rivers , Canals , Water ways :- There are several big rivers in the District . The mighty Brahmaputra flows on the northern side of the district . The Desang river touches this District . for a few miles terming the boundary of Dibrugarh and Sivasagar before it falls into the Brahmaputra , Dikhow, Darika and Janji are the other main rivers of the district . The Janji river terms the western boundary of the district with Jorhat district. The entire drainge system of the district finds its way to Brahmaputra . There are many others small rivers in the district .
Soil :-Soil is alluvial and suitable for cultivation . High land is suitable for vegetable , pulses and Tea and other garden crops .
Temperature & Humidity :-Sivasagar district enjoys a cold winter and cool and pleasant spring . The district is characterised by highly humid atmosphere and abounded rains .The regular rains of the summer generally prevent the prevalence of the hot weather . After the rainy season the cooler autumn start from October and real cold weather prevails from the end of November and continues till the middle of February . The winter season is followed by the reason of occasional thunder storms from March to May . The Temperature begins to rise from the beginning of March and in July and August it reaches the maximum .
Social Life :- In the matter of inheritance and procession Dayabhaga System hold good in the District. Properties is generally held by the head of the family . Smaller unit family is common in the district among all people .
Language :- Assamese is the lingua frunca of the district . Assamese and English are extremely used in official and commercial circles . Besides these , Bangali and Hindi are also widely spoken . The Tribes of the district like Mising and Deori have their own language and dialect although they speaks Assamese when communicating with non tribes .
Marriage:- Child marriage is practically unknown . Among all people marriage by negotiation is common . Marriage ceremony of the people of different religious faith are performed accordingly to the customs of their own religion . Monogamy is widely performed by all sections of people Polygamy is prohibited .
Festivals:- Assamese Hindus celebrate Holi and Dewali irrespective of sect to which they belongs. Shakta Hindus celebrate the puja [Durgapuja] .Lakhipuja ., Kalipuja etc. and Vaishanavas who do not believe in idol worship performs Nama Kirtana when the glory of lord Vishnu is recited. The Muslims celebrate Idd and Maharam, Missing Tribes celebrate Ali -I-Legang on the Wednesday of the 1st. week of month of Faguna . Deori tribe celebrates Deori Bihu . Tai -Ahoms celebrates Medam-Me - Fi. And Tea and ex-tea garden labours celebrates Karampuja.
However , the "Bihu" national festival of Assam are celebrated with great pomp and grandeur by the Assamese people of the district irrespective of caste , creed or religion . The most colourful among the three Bihu is spring Festival known as " Rangali Bihu" . It is a festival to mark the beginning of an agricultural season , the festival of merriment , composes of brisk dances by young men & women to the accompaniment of indigenous musical instrument and Bihu songs
Houses :- In rural areas at present many people have constructed their houses with pucca plinth and C.I. sheet roofing with up to date fitting although houses in other cases have C;I; sheet roofs , mud plastered walls and bamboo , wooden on concrete post . Poor people have constructed their houses with thatches roofs mud plastered bamboo walls and bamboo or wooden post. Some other peoples have constructed their houses with modern styles.
Dress :Male dress includes Dhuti, Chadar, Shirts, Trousers, and modern Pants and Coats. Female dress consist of Riha, Mekhela, Chadar, Blouse, Saries and different ornaments of gold and silver. Moreover modern dress are found common in cases of young boys and girls.
Melas: Sivaratri Mela is instituted during the Sivaratri Festival .Large number of people including foreign tourist visit the Sivadol SivaTemple and attending mela organised for the purpose.
Contents provided by :District Administration, Sivasagar (Assam)
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